At first stirrings, many teens grind black. The charge: acne. But experts gathered at a European congress could give them a smile. They point to the best care and the expectations raised by the laser.
Nine out of ten teenagers affected … Acne has an impressive array of hunting. Faced with this disorder which sometimes tends to persist beyond the early years, scholars have made the point during the conference of the European Association of Dermatology and Venereology (Barcelona).
When teens grind black!
Acne affects 80% of people between 11 and 30 years. It is manifested by a blockage of the sebaceous glands (producing sebum) and outbreaks of lesions: blackheads, blackheads, pimples infected … In more severe cases, imperfections are similar to nodules can be painful. Most often located on the face, acne can also affect the back, the front of the chest, shoulders and neck. To learn more about the mechanism of acne discover our article “Have clear ideas face to blackheads.”
Occurring most often in adolescence, this skin disease can have severe psychological and social impacts is often greater than those observed in diseases called “more serious” like asthma or epilepsy. Thus, it is often associated with anxiety and depression. In fact, nearly one in five patients complained of depression and 44% of them have symptoms anxiety.
Logically, apply treatments to fight against the proliferation of the bacteria associated with acne (Propionibacterium acnes) and focus their action on inflammation and blackheads.
Experts recommend the combination retinoid / antibiotic
Bringing together world leaders in dermatology, the Global Alliance for Improved Results in Acne defined combination therapy antibiotics / topical retinoid (said of a drug for external use which acts locally) as the treatment of reference light to moderate inflammatory acne. Published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology3, this consensus has clear rules for the standardized management of acne dermatologists and general practitioners. Topical retinoid act both to normalize desquamation and to reduce injuries while antibiotics decrease inflammation and kill microorganisms.
“Virtually all acne patients benefit from the use of a retinoid and topical retinoid should be the first-line treatment of acne. According to data from all studies, combination therapy is more effective than antibiotics alone. Effective research faster, combination therapy also reduces the risk of antibiotic resistance, “explained Professor Harald Gollnick, President of the World Alliance.
But these combination therapies are sometimes poorly tolerated and require long-term treatment. In addition, the use of antibiotics may increase the resistance phenomenon as pointed out by Prof. Breno during the last World Congress of Dermatology.
The great hope of the laser
Already at the origin an experience of original phototherapy was in 2000, the team of Dr Tony Chu of Hammersmith Hospital in London recurrence and the headlines. These British researchers reported the first use of a pulsed dye laser (LCP) in the low-power processing acné5. This laser is commonly used in dermatology to treat wine stains, rosacea and other warts but nothing a priori seemed to indicate in the treatment of acne.